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Fact Sheet
PLANTS AND POISON

Plants are among the potential poisons commonly found in and around the home. The following information is designed to help you prevent poisonings from plants both indoors and out.

Never eat part of any plant or mushroom unless you are absolutely certain what it is.

Teach children never to put leaves, bark, stems, seeds, nuts, or berries from plants into their mouths.

Learn the names of all the plants in your home and yard in case you need to report a poisoning to the Poison Control Center.

If you don't know the name of a plant in your home or yard, have it identified at a landscape or gardening center.

Don't assume a plant is not poisonous because birds or other wildlife are eating it.

Don't assume that cooking destroys toxic chemicals in plants.

TOXIC PLANTS

The following plants contain a wide variety of poisons, so symptoms can vary from a mild stomach irritation, rash, throat and mouth swelling to involvement of the kidneys, heart and other vital organs.

Acorn
Anemone
Angel Trumpet Tree
Apple Seeds
Apricot Pit Kernels
Arrowhead
Avocado Leaves
Azaleas
Betel Nut Palm
Bittersweet
Buckeye
Buttercups
Caladium
Calla Lily
Castor Bean
Chinese Lantern
Creeping Charlie (Ground Ivy/glechoma hedercea)
Crocus, Autumn
Daffodil
Daphne
Delphinium
Devil's Ivy
Dieffenbachia (Dumb Cane)
Elderberry
Elephant Ear
English Ivy
Four O'Clock
Foxglove
Hemlock, poison
Holly Berries
Horsetail Reed
Hyacinth (Bulbs)
Hydrangea
Iris
Ivy (Boston, English)
Jack-In-The-Pulpit
Jequirty Bean/Pea
Jerusalem Cherry
Jessamine (Jasmine)
Jimson Weed (Thorn Apple)
Jonquil
Lantana Camara
Larkspur
Laurels
Lily-Of-The Valley
Lobelia
Marijuana
Mayapple
Mescal (Peyote)
Mistletoe
Moonseed
Monkshood
Morning Glory
Mushroom
Narcissus
Nephthytis
Nightshade
Oleander
Peach Seeds
Periwinkle
Philodendron
Poison Ivy
Poison Oak
Poppy (except Cal.)
Pokeweed
Potato Sprouts
Primrose
Ranunculus
Rhododendron
Rhubarb Blade
Rosary Pea
Star-Of-Bethlehem
Sweet Pea
Tobacco
Tomato Vines
Tulip
Water Hemlock
Wisteria
Yew
NON-TOXIC PLANTS

The following plants are basically considered to be non-toxic, or safe and not poisonous. Eating or handling these plants generally does not cause symptoms. However, any plant can cause unexpected reactions in certain people.

Abelia
Absynnian Sword Lily
African Violet
Airplane Plant
Aluminum Plant
Aralia
Araucaria
Asparagus Fern
Aspidistra (Cast Iron Plant)
Aster
Baby's Tears (Dermatitis)
Bachelor Buttons
Bamboo
Begonia
Birds Nest Fern
Blood Leaf Plant
Boston Ferns
Bougainvillea
Cactus (certain varieties)
California Holly
California Poppy
Camelia
Christmas Cactus
Coleus Species
Corn Plant
Crab Apples
Creeping Jenny (Moneywort, Lysima)
Croton (house variety)
Dahlia
Daisies
Dandelion
Dogwood
Donkey Tail
Dracaena (caution with pets)
Easter Lily
Echeveria
Eucalyptus (Caution)
Eugenia
Flowering Crab
Gardenia
Gloxinia
Grape Ivy
Hedge Apples
Hen & Chicks
Honeysuckle
Hoya
Impatiens
Jade Plant
Kalanchoe
Lilac
Lily (Day, Easter, Tiger)
Lipstick Plant
Magnolia
Marigold
Monkey Plant
Norfolk Island Pine
Peperomia
Petunia
Prayer Plant
Purple Passion
Pyrocantha
Rose
Sanseveria
Scheffelera
Sensitive Plant
Spider Plant
Swedish Ivy
Umbrella
Violets
Wandering Jew
Weeping Fig
Weeping Willow
Wild Onion
Zebra Plant


Acknowledgments:
Minnesota Poison Control System





Contact the South Dakota Safety Council at sdsc@southdakotasafetycouncil.org
or phone 605-361-7785 or 1-800-952-5539.