Proper preparation is key for safe hiking.
Before You Leave
Plan your route. Keep in mind the physical fitness levels and ages of the people who will be with you. Tell someone where you are going and when you expect to return. Check the weather report and plan appropriately; if rain is predicted, take rain gear.
Make sure members of your group have first aid knowledge and skills that they’re capable of using in an emergency. Be aware of any medical conditions other people have so they can be treated appropriately in case an emergency arises. Bring a compact first aid kit that includes items to treat cuts, blisters, insect bites, sprains and fractures.
Take along at least two quarts of water per person. It may be useful to carry water-purification tablets to use in case you run out of prepared water. Pack high-energy snack food (fresh fruit, dried fruit, high protein candy bars, nuts and seeds) in addition to food you intend to eat for meals.
What to Wear
Wear the proper clothes. Layering is important in order for your body to quickly adapt to changing temperatures, both internal and external, and the right pair of shoes is fundamental because foot pain can put a damper on your entire hike. The following items are considered vital for a successful outing.
| ||Boots/Shoes: They should fit comfortably snug with free room for toes and with little or no slippage in the heel. They should be weather proofed and broken in.|
| ||Socks: Either wear specially made hiking socks or a set of one pair of wool socks over one lightweight nylon pair. Take along extra socks in case you need a dry pair.|
| ||Pants: Wear pants constructed to be loose, warm, comfortable and quick drying. Pants that are easily converted into shorts are good for warmer weather. |
| ||Shirt: Light synthetic fiber, such as polypropylene, bunting or nylon pile, is recommended because it is quick drying and moisture-wicking. It also has good insulating quality.|
| ||Jacket: Bring/wear a jacket that is both wind proofed and waterproofed, has a hood and is sized large enough to cover other layers of insulating clothes.|
| ||Head Covering: A hat or hood will retain body heat or provide shade as changing weather dictates.|
| ||Rain Gear: Take a lightweight poncho, or rain pants and a hooded parka.|
Skilled hikers have dubbed these items the “ten essentials.” Take the experts’ advice and take these items with you.
| ||Map |
| ||Compass |
| ||Flashlight/headlamp |
| ||Extra food |
| ||Extra clothing |
| ||Sunglasses |
| ||First aid supplies |
| ||Pocket knife |
| ||Fire starter|